Advances in Knee Replacement: Robotic Surgery Options for Better Outcomes

Advances in Knee Replacement: Robotic Surgery Options for Better Outcomes

Tue Mar 19 2024

In orthopedic surgery, techniques have evolved to enhance precision, reduce recovery times, and improve patient outcomes. Among these advancements, robotic knee replacement surgery stands out as a beacon of innovation, offering a new level of accuracy and personalized care for individuals undergoing knee replacement.

Robotic knee replacement uses advanced technology, allowing surgeons to perform knee replacements with exceptional precision. This approach tailors the procedure to each patient's unique anatomy, potentially leading to better alignment and function of the knee joint post-surgery. The precision of robotic assistance is pivotal in ensuring that the artificial components fit as accurately as possible, which can significantly impact the longevity and performance of the knee replacement.

Traditional knee replacement methods, while effective, don't always allow for this level of customization. Introducing robotic technology into knee surgery has bridged this gap, offering a more bespoke surgical experience. Patients considering knee replacement due to degenerative joint disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis may find robotic knee replacement a compelling option.

Meet the Mako Robotic Arm

We utilize various robotics at West Coast Joint and Spine because each patient is unique. Mako is an innovative surgical robotic arm that can help us plan for better outcomes, like less pain and shorter recovery times, compared to traditional joint replacement surgery. 1,2,3

The Mako Robot represents a leap forward in personalized knee surgery. It begins with a CT scan to understand the patient's unique anatomy, then creates a 3D model for a customized surgical plan. During surgery, the surgeon guides the Mako robotic arm, designed to ensure precision and adherence to the surgical plan, potentially offering a more natural knee movement post-surgery.

Evaluating Candidacy for Robotic Knee Replacement

Not all patients are suitable candidates for robotic knee replacement. Certain infections, neuromuscular disorders, compromised bone stock, and other health conditions may preclude individuals from this surgical option. Patients must have a comprehensive discussion with their healthcare provider to understand the benefits and risks of robotic knee replacement and determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

Understanding Risks

The risks associated with any knee replacement surgery, including those performed robotically, are significant and can include, but are not limited to, pain, infection, bone fracture, and changes in leg length. Implant-related risks such as dislocation, loosening, and implant wear must be discussed with a healthcare provider.

Robotic knee replacement offers a promising path to regaining mobility and reducing knee pain for those deemed suitable candidates. The technology's precision contributes to shorter recovery than traditional knee replacement surgery. However, individual outcomes can vary, and the longevity of the joint replacement depends on several factors, including the patient's weight and activity level.

Maximizing Outcomes with Robotic Knee Replacement

Patients are advised to closely follow their surgeon's postoperative care instructions to maximize their recovery and the success of their knee replacement. Avoiding high-impact activities and maintaining a healthy weight are critical strategies to prolong the life of the knee implant.

As we look toward the future of orthopedic surgery, robotic knee replacement represents a significant step forward in our ability to provide personalized, precise, and effective treatments for knee joint disease. Understanding the advancements in robotic technology is essential for those exploring their options for knee replacement surgery.

In conclusion, the advent of robotic knee replacement offers new hope for individuals suffering from knee joint conditions, providing a path to improved outcomes and enhanced quality of life. As technology advances, the potential for even greater improvements in knee replacement surgery remains on the horizon, promising a future where mobility limitations and pain are no longer barriers to living a full and active life.

To explore how robotic knee replacement surgery can revolutionize your journey to mobility and alleviate knee pain, we encourage interested individuals to connect with a knowledgeable West Coast Joint & Spine physician today.

References:

  1. Kayani B, Konan S, Tahmassebi J, Rowan F, Haddad F. An assessment of early functional rehabilitation and hospital discharge in conventional versus robotic-arm assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:24–33
  2. B. Kayani, S. Konan, J. Tahmassebi, J. R. T. Pietrzak, F. S. Haddad Robotic-arm assisted total knee arthroplasty is associated with improved early functional recovery and reduced time to hospital discharge compared with conventional jig-based total knee arthroplasty: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY Bone and Joint Journal: 2018; 100-B:930–7.
  3. Shibanuma N, Ishida K, Matsumoto T, et al. Early postoperative clinical recovery of robotic arm-assisted vs. image-based navigated Total hip Arthroplasty. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2021;22(1):314.