Understanding Your Robotic-Assisted Surgery Options

Understanding Your Robotic-Assisted Surgery Options

Mon Jan 01 0001

Robotic-assisted surgery represents advanced medical technology, offering a minimally invasive alternative that allows surgeons to perform procedures with improved precision. By using robotic systems controlled through a console, surgeons can translate their hand movements into precise motions carried out by the robot. This technique improves the surgical team's capabilities, enabling them to navigate tight spaces and providing a magnified, high-definition, three-dimensional vision of the surgical site.

For qualified candidates, robotic-assisted orthopedic surgery can offer numerous benefits over traditional open orthopedic surgery, which may include faster recovery and shorter hospital stays. Patients typically experience a better fit, stability, balance, and feel of the replaced joint. West Coast Joint and Spine now offers two robotic surgical options for knee replacement, providing patients with access to some of the latest advancements in medical technology for improved surgical outcomes: The Mako Robotic-Arm and VELYS Robotic-Assisted Solution.

The Mako Robotic Arm

The Mako Robotic-Arm Assisted Surgery system is designed to improve precision in knee replacement surgeries. It begins with a CT scan of the patient's knee, creating a 3D model that allows the surgeon to plan the surgery more accurately. During the procedure, the surgeon uses Mako's robotic arm to execute this plan; this helps ensure that the placement of the knee implant is as precise as possible. This leads to a more natural feeling in the knee post-surgery, potentially shorter recovery times, and improved overall outcomes.

VELYS Robotic-Assisted Solution

The VELYS Robotic-Assisted Solution offers a similar leap forward for individuals suffering from chronic knee pain who have found little relief from conservative treatments. Utilizing advanced technology, the VELYS system aids surgeons in performing minimally invasive knee replacement surgeries. This system uses an infrared camera and optical trackers, providing the surgeon with detailed patient anatomy data. The VELYS system works exclusively with the ATTUNE Knee System, which may deliver a greater range of motion and improved recovery.

Comparing Robotic-Assisted Technology to Traditional Surgery

Robotic-assisted knee replacement may offer several advantages over traditional surgery. These can include less pain, faster recovery, and more consistent outcomes due to the precision and accuracy provided by the robotic technology. In contrast, traditional knee replacements, which rely on hand-held tools, may involve a longer recovery time and greater variability in surgical processes and outcomes. Conditions that may benefit from knee replacement include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, bone tumors, loss of joint cartilage, and injuries from trauma. If you're experiencing persistent pain, swelling, limited range of motion, or limping, it may be time to consult an orthopedic surgeon to explore your options, including the potential for robotic-assisted knee replacement surgery.

In summary, robotic-assisted surgery offers a modern approach to knee replacement that prioritizes precision, can minimize recovery time, and aims for optimal outcomes. As technology advances, the accessibility and capabilities of these systems will continue to evolve, bringing new possibilities to the field of orthopedic surgery.

Important Information

Total knee replacement primarily alleviates the discomfort and immobility caused by degenerative and rheumatoid arthritis, avascular necrosis, post-traumatic arthritis, or moderate knee deformity. Nonetheless, this procedure is not universally applicable. Exclusions include individuals with infections, mental or neuromuscular disorders, inadequate bone quality, undeveloped skeletal structures, significant joint instability, or obesity due to heightened risks.

Surgery may bring about risks such as pain, infection, bone fractures, altered leg length, and joint stiffness, along with serious complications like heart attacks or even mortality. Implant complications may also arise, including dislocation, loosening, or adverse reactions to metal ions, potentially requiring surgical implant correction.

The success and durability of knee replacement are contingent upon various patient-specific factors, including weight and lifestyle. Engaging in high-impact activities or neglecting weight management may diminish the implant's lifespan. Adhering to your healthcare provider's recommendations for post-surgery care and activities is essential for maximizing the longevity of the implant. Consulting with your physician is crucial to ascertain if you're a suitable knee replacement candidate and fully comprehend the associated risks and post-operative expectations. This guidance is intended for informational purposes and does not replace professional medical consultation.

Kayani B, Tahmassebi J, Ayuob A, Konan S, Oussedik S, Haddad FS. A prospective randomized controlled trial comparing the systemic inflammatory response in conventional jig-based total knee arthroplasty versus robotic-arm assisted total knee arthroplasty. Bone Joint J. 2021 Jan;103-B(1):113-122. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.103B1.BJJ-2020-0602.R2. PMID: 33380182.